In the riverfront level of the 600 W. Chicago building (which is in Chicago) – the famed concrete fortress originally home to Montgomery Ward’s mail order business – there used to be the trendy, over-priced hotspot known as Japonais. Japonais is gone now – after an eviction lawsuit from 2015, which apparently means they weren’t high-priced enough – but, I was just thinking how much I could go for one of their blueberry saketini’s about now, which is odd for a bourbon guy…
Anyway, an elevator ride to the 8th floor of that very same building – past the old Thinkorswim, now TD Ameritrade, offices – brings you to the global headquarters of Jump Trading, LLC – the legendary and mythological prop shop known mainly for its prowess and longevity in high-speed futures trading, and little else (except among a small group of Chicago quant cognoscenti).
With this as a brief backdrop, we found our tour of their 13F and X-17A-5 reports illuminating, both on absolute and relative bases. Here’s a brief teaser from that modeling: In the chart below, Alphacution presents the total 13F position count for Jump for the fully available sample of 30 quarters beginning Q1 2011 and ending Q3 2018.
But, wait a sec! Why are their so many equity-related positions at Jump? And, what is the story behind the spike to over 8,000 positions from Q4 2014?
For the first question we will bookmark an answer for a minute. The answer to the second question is this: Option positions are almost always reported in aggregate on the put and call sides. Individual positions in strikes and months are summed up to total puts and calls. So, in a sense, this filing is a mistake. It rarely happens – but when it does, we find new nuggets of gold and forge greater understanding of the space. (We’ve only seen this particular “mistake” one other time in a report by Parallax Volatility Advisors.) It’s definitely worth further exploration. For instance, this report from Q4 2014 had 97 individual option positions on the call side in Apple.
Here’s another one:
In the chart below, Alphacution presents the 13F reported gross notional US long market value for Jump’s book for the full sample of 30 quarters beginning Q1 2011 and ending Q3 2018.
To be brief, this is a picture of a grand experiment with an equities-centric strategy that started in 2013, peaked in late 2015, was unwound throughout 2016 and then restarted in 2017. This second phase into growing a new source of capacity in equities has been sustained for almost 2 years. The Q4 2018 13F report will tell us if this piece of the operation is still performing well enough to keep growing. If it does, firms with similar or “neighboring” strategies should pay closer attention. If you are wondering why, refer back to When Market Makers Ate Their Own and the recent piece on Two Sigma’s market making book.
Going back to the first question above, our initial reading of these efforts (and repeated efforts) into an equities strategy suggests core futures capacity – while still profitable – may be maxed out…
Lastly, here’s one more for now:
In the chart below, Alphacution presents total assets (not to be confused with assets under management) for the 17 years beginning 2001 and ending 2017. These data are among the required disclosures “of brokers and dealers pursuant to Section 17 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 17A-5 thereunder:
Now, trading strategies with extremely short, intraday holding periods will not show up on the balance sheet until capacity goals cause accumulation of positions. Broker-dealer balance sheets grow mainly because of accumulated positions, either concentrated into a single asset class or across asset classes.
In the case of Jump, Alphacution believes that the higher yet shifting asset levels that persist from 2007 and beyond are due to experiments in trading strategies requiring accumulated positions in US Treasuries, equities (including ETFs), and options (including ETF options) – plus occasionally stuffing excess cash into money market funds. Shifts in product concentrations over the years (2007 and later) confirm this idea that there has been experimentation into various asset classes and strategies beyond the core futures product strategy.
We will stop here for now and expect to share more on this – in isolation and in aggregate with other prop and market making firms – as it is developed…
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